Connect and expand multiple infrastructures beyond municipal boundaries. 

Advocates

Compare

Sustainable South Bronx

“It's positive that there is transparency and rapid action being taken. The negative thing is that it's around large gray infrastructure.... conventional, highly engineered, over-engineered, stuff that's often times incredibly expensive. Money is going toward those things because that's what's shovel-ready, that's what's consistent, and that's what's counted upon.”(Jaime Stein, Underdome Interview) 

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

ARRA: Total Spending on Transportation. data source: www.fhwa.dot.gov

A Vision for High Speed Rail in America. source: whitehouse.gov

Of the ARRA's total $819 billion budget, $48.1 billion are earmarked for transportation infrastructure.  In September 2010, the Obama Adminstration prompted Congress to adopt a new plan calling for an additional $50 billion to the federal transportation budget for roads, railways, and air infrastructure.  Such investments, the Obama Administration argues, are necessary to create jobs, stimulate the economy, and allow for the distribution of goods, services, and information necessary to keep the country competitive.   

"We can put Americans to work today building the infrastructure of tomorrow. From the first railroads to the interstate highway system, our nation has always been built to compete. There's no reason Europe or China should have the fastest trains, or the new factories that manufacture clean energy products.... Tomorrow, I'll visit Tampa, Florida, where workers will soon break ground on a new high-speed railroad funded by the Recovery Act. There are projects like that all across this country that will create jobs and help our nation move goods, services, and information. ." President Barack Obama, State of the Union, Jan 2010

Among the questions facing the ARRA is one of scale. "The biggest question mark hovering over the future of high-speed rail in the United States is funding. The $8 billion allocated in the stimulus package [designated for high speed rail] is not nearly enough, particularly because it is spread across a range of projects around the country. California’s new system alone could cost $40 billion. State governments will shoulder a substantial share of the costs, and they are grappling with budget deficits." The New York Times

The ARRA is met with criticisms that it is doing both too much, and too little.  The Obama Administration's labor day proposals for a new transportation bill are unlikely to see any progress before the 2010 election.  But to others, stimulus actions are just laying the foundation for overhauls to planning and infrastructure necessary for job creation and strong energy policy. “A green stimulus is no replacement for comprehensive climate and energy policy.  Even the most aggressive short-term spending will have only a modest impact on US greenhouse gas emissions and dependence on foreign sources of energy... Although green recovery efforts alone will not achieve broader climate and energy objectives, they can reduce the cost of comprehensive climate and energy policy.  The most successful programs will be those that can be implemented quickly and can complement, rather than seek to replace, future energy and climate-specific legislation.” Green Global Recovery?

The ARRA's reach has been greatly influenced by the need for quick response, and its dependency on shovel-ready projects. Government projects must go through a process of public review under the 1969 National Environmental Policy Act.  A critic of this process, Vishaan Chakrabarti argues: "The rubber really hits the road on this when you talk to people in Washington about why there wasn't more infrastructure placed into the stimulus bill. And the answer is really simple: they tried. Actually, the White House did take a run at NEPA early on and was completely beat back by the environmental lobby in Congress who said, “You cannot. It is a sacred cow. You can't touch it.” And as soon as that happened, the White House then realized infrastructure is basically off the table, except for some roadway projects, because there’s no way you can argue it's stimulative. How's it going to be stimulative if it takes years to do?" Underdome Interview with Vishaan Chakrabarti

The emphasis on highway projects raises questions about the urban, rural, and suburban impact of the bill.  With $27.5 billion going to highway and bridge construction projects, the "most sweeping investment in our infrastructure since President Eisenhower built the Interstate Highway System in the 1950s" President Barack Obama on High Speed Rail is building on Eisenhower's extensive suburban and rural highway network.  And yet, while investments in urban infrastructure are significantly smaller, with $8.4 billion alloted for public transportation (for maintenance, new construction, and new equipment), these investments go hand in hand with housing assistance programs, community development grants, and the newly created Office of Urban Affairs led by former Bronx Borough President in New York and urban planner Adolfo Carrion.  

The Stimulus Bill also invested $9.3 in Amtrak and regional rail programs, shifting the relationship between urban and suburban territories by connecting urban regions spanning across city and state boundaries: "The high-speed rail corridors we've identified so far would connect areas like the cities of the Pacific Northwest; southern and central Florida; the Gulf Coast to the Southeast to our nation's capital; the breadth of Pennsylvania and New York to the cities of New England; and something close to my heart, a central hub network that draws the cities of our industrial heartland closer to Chicago and one another. Or California, where voters have already chosen to move forward with their own high-speed rail system, a system of new stations and 220 mile-per-hour trains that links big cities to inland towns; that alleviates crippling congestion on highways and at airports; and that makes travel from San Francisco to Los Angeles possible in two and a half hours." President Barack Obama on High Speed Rail

Sustainable South Bronx

Power infrastructures are changing.  Centralized power cycling capabilities are on the horizon, Con Ed is now in the business of transmission and distribution rather than production, and profits are being decoupled from power production.  Jaime Stein, Environmental Policy Analyst at SSBx explains these potentials:

“One of the, I think, the most exciting things is to organize energy users to use well-designed appliances. Imagine if twenty blocks in Brooklyn all had these air conditioners that could cycle on and off.  So whether or not people are in the house it can be comfortable if you run it for five minutes, take off for five minutes, run for five minutes, and shut off for five minutes. It would be controlled by the utilities, which is a little strange when they can cycle on and off all your appliances. They’re only allowed to do it with that intermittent cycling.  But your refrigerator, which is a huge consumer of energy, is on for five minutes and off for five minutes. On those really, really hot days when peak demand is out of control and they're burning the dirtiest power plants, it would be amazing if you could organize that data and control it in that way. You wouldn't have to run some of the dirtiest plants.  I like that concept.  
 
“Con Edison is ripe to do it in some ways, but is also not willing to do it in other ways. Right now all they have is basically transmission and distribution---they don’t do any generation---so, they want to keep that under lock and key.  And a lot of people, especially with all this energy efficiency and weatherization stuff going on, want baseline data. Organized groups want baseline data. They want to know, “if we do a block-by-block retrofit, what did the block start out at and what are we  now?”  They want simple before-and-after retrofit data, which Con Edison has. But now they're sitting on it, because so many people are asking them for the data that they're not sure how they want to charge for it and make it a business in the future, or what they can give away and what they can't give away. So it's a really interesting thing right now.
 
“But probably the most fascinating policy to come out in the past five years is that we have begun to decouple the dollar from the electron. What I mean is that now power producers and utility companies are getting money for energy efficiency. So it's no longer “the more electrons you sell, the more money you make.” That has gone away.  So what you find is that groups like Con Edison, NYSERDA, and the independent power producers are all fighting to get their energy efficiency programs approved and funded, but they're not really doing much. We haven't quite gotten to the point yet where we're actually saving electrons. We’re talking about saving electrons and getting funding for it. I think we’re moving toward actually saving electrons.” Jaime Stein, Underdome Interview
 

Vishaan Chakrabarti

Barack Obama & Joe Biden announce strategic plan for high speed rail. source: wikimedia

Regional high speed rail infrastructures, Chakrabarti argues, are critical to reducing dependency on gas guzzling automotive and airline travel. “You can go from New York to Chicago basically in three hours on [the proposed Chinese high speed passenger trains]...  That would, in turn, decimate regional air travel in this country. New York processes a third of the air traffic that goes through the nation. So that means if someone is flying from Albuquerque to Paris on their honeymoon, they're not sitting on a 777 at Kennedy behind a plane going to Philadelphia.” Underdome Interview

The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, Chakrabarti asserts, fails to adequately promote infrastructures needed to promote viable urban density and in effect promotes more of the status quo: sprawling, car-dependent suburbs.  “It is still confounding that the best we can get is $8 billion towards high-speed rail when we need at least $150 billion for all of the major corridors including California, Chicago-St. Paul, Char-Lanta, the Northeast, and yes, Florida. It is confounding when the Vice President states that the $1.25 billion investment in the Tampa-Orlando corridor will generate more than 23,000 jobs over four years, and that by extension one hundred times that investment nationwide might create 2,300,000 jobs. Now that would be stimulus.” Double Down on Density
 
At the Federal level, one has to wonder if there is an Asphalt Lobby, because if there is, they must be partying like it’s 2008. The stimulus bill passed earlier in the year feeds rather than fixes our ill-conceived land use patterns, resulting in new “infrastructure” that runs the risk of being little more than a grab bag of roadway construction. The bill’s criteria mandate that projects, in order to qualify for federal funding, must be “shovel ready,” must be compliant with the existing regulatory regime including NEPA, and must be complete in two years after commencement. The much touted $8 billion of stimulus funds for high speed rail is negligible in terms of what is needed. Common estimates for high speed rail in the northeast corridor run $25-$30 billion. This sounds high until one considers that one third of the nation’s air traffic goes through New York, sitting on tarmacs behind turboprops unconscionably flying from Newark to Philadelphia. Nationwide, the needs are probably around $150 billion. This also sounds high, until you consider the checks we write to bail out banks, fund failing auto makers, and care for the human ailments – spanning from asthma to obesity – that result from urban sprawl.” Profile: Vishaan Chakrabarti
 

Commentary

Amory Lovins

 “Centralized energy sources encourage industrial clustering and urbanization. While soft technologies give everyone the costs and benefits of the energy system he chooses, centralized systems allocate benefits to surburbanites and social costs to politically weaker rural agrarians.” The Road Not Taken

In his 1976 Foreign Poilcy article on 'hard' and 'soft' energy paths (See UNPLUG: Off-the-Grid Enclaves), Lovins lauds flexible and resilient energy sources such as wind and solar that can reflect a 'diverse' and 'pluralistic' suburban fabric.   But “This is not to say that all energy systems need be at domestic scale. For example, the medium scale of urban neighborhoods and rural villages offers fine prospects for solar collectors—especially for adding collectors to existing buildings of which some (perhaps with large flat roofs) can take excess collector area while others cannot take any. They could be joined via communal heat storage systems, saving on labor cost and on heat losses. The costly craftwork of remodeling existing systems—"backfitting" idiosyncratic houses with individual collectors—could thereby be greatly reduced.” The Road Not Taken

 

 

 

 

 

References

Comments (1643)

It proved to be Very helpful to me. Thank you so much And I hope that other readers will also experience how I feel after reading your article.
electrical contractor monroe center il

faith larah wrote 37 min 41 sec ago

Interesting post. I Have Been wondering about this issue, so thanks for posting. Pretty cool post.It 's really very nice and Useful post.Thanks high PR blog commenting services

wallens wrote 4 hours 26 min ago

Hey excited stuff precise substance your response on.
wellbeing

Alex John wrote 6 hours 35 min ago

We are looking for the best video podcast designer. Toenail Fungus Code Scam

Anonymous wrote 1 day 11 min ago

Really very informative content is here, thanks for sharing such info.
simple easy payday loans that are quick

Alex John wrote 1 day 1 hour ago

I think each one is obtaining additional from this website, and your views are enjoyable in favor of new folks.
http://www.thegoldandsilverforlife.org

Alex John wrote 1 day 5 hours ago

another news: Jadwal Pertandingan Bola

Anonymous wrote 2 days 2 hours ago

Hey nice post man! Thanks for incredible info.
short term payday loans

tom wrote 2 days 7 hours ago

Nice to read this article will be very helpful in the future, share more info with us. Good job!
http://www.personalcashadvance.com/

tom wrote 2 days 7 hours ago

I got this blog site through my friends and when I searched this really there were informative articles at the place. http://www.personalcashadvance.com/

tom wrote 2 days 7 hours ago

The quality of your articles and listing is really attractive.
about EMDR

Alex John wrote 3 days 1 hour ago

This was clearly one of the most web posts I have read. I can’t wait to try writing one of these. site build it review

Carson wrote 3 days 2 hours ago

Jual obat aborsi paling ampuh, manjur dan bergaransi untuk Anda jika tidak berhasil tuntas dalam menggugurkan janin yang ada di dalam perut, inilah solusi yang tepat untuk Anda coba. Kami menjual obat aborsi murah usia 1,2,3,4,5 dengan reaksi yang sangat cepat sekali dalam kurun waktu tidak kurang dari 2 hari bisa keluar janinya.

Obat penggugur kandungan memang menjadi cara alternative terbaik dalam menggugurkan janin yang paling efektif dan cepat dengan sekian banyaknya penjual obat aborsi murah yang sering dijumpai di apotik, forum media sosial, sering kali ada pula yang memanfaatkan situasi ini dengan menjual obat aborsijanin penggugur kandungan palsu yang banyak kita temui. Jangan sampai salah memilih karena disini yang dicari adalah solusi bukanlah keuntungan dan kami memberikan jaminan kepada Anda jika tidak berhasil dalam menuntaskan janin jika tidak keluar.

Anonymous wrote 3 days 21 hours ago

Kami menjual obat aborsi  yang bisa menggugurkan janin dalam kandungan anda sampai usia maksimal 8 bulan. Janin sekuat apapun pasti gugur, bersih tanpa kuret. Obat Aborsi yang kami jual berkualitas, bergaransi, harga terjangkau dan yang jelas hasilnya tidak akan mengecewakan anda. Tanpa efek samping dikemudian hari dan aman sebagai obat penggugur kandungan.

Anonymous wrote 3 days 21 hours ago

Semenax Obat Penyubur Sperma mulai dikenal sebagai produk berkhasiat dan telah terbukti pemakaiannya. Makin banyak pria yang peduli dengan persoalan kesuburan mereka, terutama yang telah menikah. Bahkan persoalan kesuburan seorang pria bisa juga dialami saat masih berusia cukup muda disertai oleh beberapa gejala yang kurang wajar. Beberapa contoh di antaranya ialah kondisi fisik yang mudah lemah, lesu, dan gampang capek. Kualitas sperma memang sering terkait dengan vitalitas yang harus ditingkatkan mutunya melalui asupan nutrisi dan latihan fisik obat sperma.

Anonymous wrote 3 days 21 hours ago

This is also a very good post which I really enjoyed reading. Thank you very much for this informative post.
montadora de stands

vannan wrote 4 days 1 hour ago

You hit realize out of the most other topics.
Wine barrel furniture

Alex John wrote 4 days 6 hours ago

I am really enjoying reading your well written articles. It looks like you spend a lot of effort and time on your blog. I have bookmarked it and I am looking forward to reading new articles. Keep up the good work…locksmith detroit

pioneerseo wrote 5 days 49 min ago

I cherish the way you compose and share your corner! Exceptionally intriguing and distinctive! Keep it coming! fahrrad navigation

Anonymous wrote 5 days 3 hours ago

Much obliged for offering pleasant data to us. i like your post and all you impart to us is uptodate and very instructive, i might want to bookmark the page so i can come here again to peruse you, as you have made a great showing. fahrrad navigation

Anonymous wrote 5 days 3 hours ago

Kehamilan adalah anugrah jadi pikirkanlah terlebih dahulu dari apa yang ingin anda lakukan sebelumnya. karena ada beberapa orang di alam semesta ini tidak diberi kepercayaan atas kehamilan oleh Tuhan yang maha kuasa jadi untuk itulah kami menulis artikel Obat Penggugur Kandungan lakukanlah apa yang sudah menjadi tanggung jawab kita semua dan harus anda pikirkan juga dampak dan efek sampingnya.

Putri Handayani wrote 5 days 22 hours ago

Obat penggugur kandungan memang menjadi cara alternative terbaik dalam menggugurkan janin yang paling efektif dan cepat dengan sekian banyaknya penjual obat aborsi murah yang sering dijumpai di apotik, forum media sosial, sering kali ada pula yang memanfaatkan situasi ini dengan menjual obat aborsijanin penggugur kandungan palsu yang banyak kita temui. Jangan sampai salah memilih karena disini yang dicari adalah solusi bukanlah keuntungan dan kami memberikan jaminan kepada Anda jika tidak berhasil dalam menuntaskan janin jika tidak keluar.

Mahendra Saputra wrote 5 days 22 hours ago

Click: Biro Pulau Tidung + Biro Pulau Pari - Agent Wisata Pulau Pramuka

Anonymous wrote 6 days 2 hours ago

I can’t imagine focusing long enough to research; much less write this kind of article. You’ve outdone yourself with this material. This is great content.
the millionaire's brain academy review
thought elevators review
Short thoughts
positive affirmations for success

Anonymous wrote 1 week 2 days ago

Simply I will say such a tremendous site I never saw before.
front house landscaping

Alex John wrote 1 week 3 days ago

I can’t imagine focusing long enough to research; much less write this kind of article. You’ve outdone yourself with this material. This is great content.
gift hamper

Anonymous wrote 1 week 3 days ago

Hi mates, how is the whole thing, and what you are longing to say about this post, in my view it’s very splendid on behalf of me
http://www.stanleysmykadds.com/
Stanley Smyka Dentist

Alex John wrote 1 week 3 days ago

Hi guys, I am again at the same place, and reading this post, it is also a pleasurable article, so stick with it.
Stanley Smyka D.D.S

Alex John wrote 1 week 3 days ago

This blog is truly extraordinary in all aspects.
Elite Laser Care

Alex John wrote 1 week 3 days ago

Great webpage buddy, I am going to notify this to all my friends and contacts as well.
Elite Laser Care Phenoix

Alex John wrote 1 week 3 days ago

We are making a new school for master degree.
Fungus Key PRO Review

Anonymous wrote 1 week 3 days ago

 This looks absolutely perfect. All these tiny details are made with lot of background knowledge. I like it a lot click here

Jacob Jack wrote 1 week 3 days ago

This blog has a lot of good information. Thank you very much.
todd brown 12 week mastery

memeh wrote 1 week 4 days ago

This is an extraordinary day, I feel this is an article that nice, helpful, and could be the best reference.
Thank you for sharing, hopefully more successful
Obat Tradisional Lambung Bocor Yang Ampuh Tanpa Efek Samping

Herbal Alami wrote 1 week 4 days ago

Thank you so much for this very useful information. It was very effectively and well written article. Keep up the greatness! main page

Tanya wrote 1 week 4 days ago

Gunung bromo dan danau ranu kumbolo merupakan tempat wisata terkenal di jawa timur tepatnya berada dalam wilayah taman nasional bromo tengger semeru. Untuk mengunjungi kedua tempat wisata tersebut anda bisa menggunakan jasa tour travel yang menyediakan paket wisata bromo ranu kumbolo dan bisa berangkat dari kota malang atau dari kota surabaya. Info fasilitas dan harga paket wisata bromo ranu kumbolo baca penawaran lengkap. Hiace merupakan jenis mobil yang sangat nyaman dikendarai karena semua pernak-pernik yang ada di dalam mobil hiace ini sangat mewah. Jika anda bersama rombongan datang ke kota malang dan membutuhkan rental mobil hiace malang maka silahkan hubungi vita rent car malang. Perusahaan ini sudah lama berdiri dalam bisnis rental mobil elf malang. Daftar harga, info nomor telepon dan booking rental mobil hiace malang kunjungi website berikut. Harga sewa mobil dari surabaya ke bromo hanya berkisar 650.000 rupiah dan sudah termasuk mobil, sopir, bbm dan tol parkir. Tarif sewa mobil surabaya bromo memang lumayan sedikit mahal karena mengingat objek wisata gunung bromo lumayan jauh jika ditempuh dari kota surabaya jawa timur. Apakah anda akan berwisata ke gunung bromo dengan sewa mobil dari surabaya ke bromo. Silahkan pesan pembookingan sewa mobil dari surabaya ke bromo baca link berikut ini. Untuk melakukan pemesanan booking online sewa mobil jogja harga murah bisa di kantor penyewaan mobil jogja dengan mencari di internet. Kelebihan sewa mobil di jogja ini bisa bayar DP dulu sebagai tanda jadi agar bookingan anda bisa terjadwal saat pada hari H di perjalanan sewa mobil jogja murah. Silahkan booking sewa mobil jogja murah dengan sopir klik tautan berikut. Untuk melakukan rental mobil di bali dengan tarif yang murah, Anda harus selektif memilih kantor rent car bali tersebut. Silahkan bandingkan antara kantor rental yang satu dengan yang lainnya. Tanyakan fasilitas apa saja yang akan anda dapatkan saat melakukan rental mobil murah di bali. Untuk info nomor telepon kantor rental mobil harga murah di bali klik penjelasan berikut.

Anonymous wrote 1 week 4 days ago

I'll travel Tampa, Florida, where workers give shortly breakout connecter on a new high-speed line funded by the Effort Act. There are projects suchlike that all crossways this region that instrument create jobs and amend our country displace artifact, services, and content Nederlandse casino's waar je kan iDeal gokken!

Anonymous wrote 1 week 6 days ago

I see the greatest contents on your blog and I extremely love reading them.
direct payday online payday loan

tom wrote 2 weeks 3 hours ago

This article is actually remarkable one it helps many new users that desire to read always the best stuff.
easiest to qualify for payday loans

tom wrote 2 weeks 3 hours ago

Specified investments, the Obama Organization argues, are necessary to create jobs, touch the system, and portion for the organisation of goods, services, and aggregation essential to donjon the country contending iPad Live Roulette

Anonymous wrote 2 weeks 1 day ago

Add A Comment

The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly.
  • Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically.
  • Allowed HTML tags: <a> <em> <strong> <cite> <code> <ul> <ol> <li> <dl> <dt> <dd> <img> <div> <pre> <address> <h1> <h2> <h3> <h4> <h5> <h6> <blockquote> <p>
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
  • Use <bib>citekey</bib> or [bib]citekey[/bib] to insert automatically numbered references.

More information about formatting options

By submitting this form, you accept the Mollom privacy policy.