Connect and expand multiple infrastructures beyond municipal boundaries. 

Advocates

Compare

Sustainable South Bronx

“It's positive that there is transparency and rapid action being taken. The negative thing is that it's around large gray infrastructure.... conventional, highly engineered, over-engineered, stuff that's often times incredibly expensive. Money is going toward those things because that's what's shovel-ready, that's what's consistent, and that's what's counted upon.”(Jaime Stein, Underdome Interview) 

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

ARRA: Total Spending on Transportation. data source: www.fhwa.dot.gov

A Vision for High Speed Rail in America. source: whitehouse.gov

Of the ARRA's total $819 billion budget, $48.1 billion are earmarked for transportation infrastructure.  In September 2010, the Obama Adminstration prompted Congress to adopt a new plan calling for an additional $50 billion to the federal transportation budget for roads, railways, and air infrastructure.  Such investments, the Obama Administration argues, are necessary to create jobs, stimulate the economy, and allow for the distribution of goods, services, and information necessary to keep the country competitive.   

"We can put Americans to work today building the infrastructure of tomorrow. From the first railroads to the interstate highway system, our nation has always been built to compete. There's no reason Europe or China should have the fastest trains, or the new factories that manufacture clean energy products.... Tomorrow, I'll visit Tampa, Florida, where workers will soon break ground on a new high-speed railroad funded by the Recovery Act. There are projects like that all across this country that will create jobs and help our nation move goods, services, and information. ." President Barack Obama, State of the Union, Jan 2010

Among the questions facing the ARRA is one of scale. "The biggest question mark hovering over the future of high-speed rail in the United States is funding. The $8 billion allocated in the stimulus package [designated for high speed rail] is not nearly enough, particularly because it is spread across a range of projects around the country. California’s new system alone could cost $40 billion. State governments will shoulder a substantial share of the costs, and they are grappling with budget deficits." The New York Times

The ARRA is met with criticisms that it is doing both too much, and too little.  The Obama Administration's labor day proposals for a new transportation bill are unlikely to see any progress before the 2010 election.  But to others, stimulus actions are just laying the foundation for overhauls to planning and infrastructure necessary for job creation and strong energy policy. “A green stimulus is no replacement for comprehensive climate and energy policy.  Even the most aggressive short-term spending will have only a modest impact on US greenhouse gas emissions and dependence on foreign sources of energy... Although green recovery efforts alone will not achieve broader climate and energy objectives, they can reduce the cost of comprehensive climate and energy policy.  The most successful programs will be those that can be implemented quickly and can complement, rather than seek to replace, future energy and climate-specific legislation.” Green Global Recovery?

The ARRA's reach has been greatly influenced by the need for quick response, and its dependency on shovel-ready projects. Government projects must go through a process of public review under the 1969 National Environmental Policy Act.  A critic of this process, Vishaan Chakrabarti argues: "The rubber really hits the road on this when you talk to people in Washington about why there wasn't more infrastructure placed into the stimulus bill. And the answer is really simple: they tried. Actually, the White House did take a run at NEPA early on and was completely beat back by the environmental lobby in Congress who said, “You cannot. It is a sacred cow. You can't touch it.” And as soon as that happened, the White House then realized infrastructure is basically off the table, except for some roadway projects, because there’s no way you can argue it's stimulative. How's it going to be stimulative if it takes years to do?" Underdome Interview with Vishaan Chakrabarti

The emphasis on highway projects raises questions about the urban, rural, and suburban impact of the bill.  With $27.5 billion going to highway and bridge construction projects, the "most sweeping investment in our infrastructure since President Eisenhower built the Interstate Highway System in the 1950s" President Barack Obama on High Speed Rail is building on Eisenhower's extensive suburban and rural highway network.  And yet, while investments in urban infrastructure are significantly smaller, with $8.4 billion alloted for public transportation (for maintenance, new construction, and new equipment), these investments go hand in hand with housing assistance programs, community development grants, and the newly created Office of Urban Affairs led by former Bronx Borough President in New York and urban planner Adolfo Carrion.  

The Stimulus Bill also invested $9.3 in Amtrak and regional rail programs, shifting the relationship between urban and suburban territories by connecting urban regions spanning across city and state boundaries: "The high-speed rail corridors we've identified so far would connect areas like the cities of the Pacific Northwest; southern and central Florida; the Gulf Coast to the Southeast to our nation's capital; the breadth of Pennsylvania and New York to the cities of New England; and something close to my heart, a central hub network that draws the cities of our industrial heartland closer to Chicago and one another. Or California, where voters have already chosen to move forward with their own high-speed rail system, a system of new stations and 220 mile-per-hour trains that links big cities to inland towns; that alleviates crippling congestion on highways and at airports; and that makes travel from San Francisco to Los Angeles possible in two and a half hours." President Barack Obama on High Speed Rail

Sustainable South Bronx

Power infrastructures are changing.  Centralized power cycling capabilities are on the horizon, Con Ed is now in the business of transmission and distribution rather than production, and profits are being decoupled from power production.  Jaime Stein, Environmental Policy Analyst at SSBx explains these potentials:

“One of the, I think, the most exciting things is to organize energy users to use well-designed appliances. Imagine if twenty blocks in Brooklyn all had these air conditioners that could cycle on and off.  So whether or not people are in the house it can be comfortable if you run it for five minutes, take off for five minutes, run for five minutes, and shut off for five minutes. It would be controlled by the utilities, which is a little strange when they can cycle on and off all your appliances. They’re only allowed to do it with that intermittent cycling.  But your refrigerator, which is a huge consumer of energy, is on for five minutes and off for five minutes. On those really, really hot days when peak demand is out of control and they're burning the dirtiest power plants, it would be amazing if you could organize that data and control it in that way. You wouldn't have to run some of the dirtiest plants.  I like that concept.  
 
“Con Edison is ripe to do it in some ways, but is also not willing to do it in other ways. Right now all they have is basically transmission and distribution---they don’t do any generation---so, they want to keep that under lock and key.  And a lot of people, especially with all this energy efficiency and weatherization stuff going on, want baseline data. Organized groups want baseline data. They want to know, “if we do a block-by-block retrofit, what did the block start out at and what are we  now?”  They want simple before-and-after retrofit data, which Con Edison has. But now they're sitting on it, because so many people are asking them for the data that they're not sure how they want to charge for it and make it a business in the future, or what they can give away and what they can't give away. So it's a really interesting thing right now.
 
“But probably the most fascinating policy to come out in the past five years is that we have begun to decouple the dollar from the electron. What I mean is that now power producers and utility companies are getting money for energy efficiency. So it's no longer “the more electrons you sell, the more money you make.” That has gone away.  So what you find is that groups like Con Edison, NYSERDA, and the independent power producers are all fighting to get their energy efficiency programs approved and funded, but they're not really doing much. We haven't quite gotten to the point yet where we're actually saving electrons. We’re talking about saving electrons and getting funding for it. I think we’re moving toward actually saving electrons.” Jaime Stein, Underdome Interview
 

Vishaan Chakrabarti

Barack Obama & Joe Biden announce strategic plan for high speed rail. source: wikimedia

Regional high speed rail infrastructures, Chakrabarti argues, are critical to reducing dependency on gas guzzling automotive and airline travel. “You can go from New York to Chicago basically in three hours on [the proposed Chinese high speed passenger trains]...  That would, in turn, decimate regional air travel in this country. New York processes a third of the air traffic that goes through the nation. So that means if someone is flying from Albuquerque to Paris on their honeymoon, they're not sitting on a 777 at Kennedy behind a plane going to Philadelphia.” Underdome Interview

The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, Chakrabarti asserts, fails to adequately promote infrastructures needed to promote viable urban density and in effect promotes more of the status quo: sprawling, car-dependent suburbs.  “It is still confounding that the best we can get is $8 billion towards high-speed rail when we need at least $150 billion for all of the major corridors including California, Chicago-St. Paul, Char-Lanta, the Northeast, and yes, Florida. It is confounding when the Vice President states that the $1.25 billion investment in the Tampa-Orlando corridor will generate more than 23,000 jobs over four years, and that by extension one hundred times that investment nationwide might create 2,300,000 jobs. Now that would be stimulus.” Double Down on Density
 
At the Federal level, one has to wonder if there is an Asphalt Lobby, because if there is, they must be partying like it’s 2008. The stimulus bill passed earlier in the year feeds rather than fixes our ill-conceived land use patterns, resulting in new “infrastructure” that runs the risk of being little more than a grab bag of roadway construction. The bill’s criteria mandate that projects, in order to qualify for federal funding, must be “shovel ready,” must be compliant with the existing regulatory regime including NEPA, and must be complete in two years after commencement. The much touted $8 billion of stimulus funds for high speed rail is negligible in terms of what is needed. Common estimates for high speed rail in the northeast corridor run $25-$30 billion. This sounds high until one considers that one third of the nation’s air traffic goes through New York, sitting on tarmacs behind turboprops unconscionably flying from Newark to Philadelphia. Nationwide, the needs are probably around $150 billion. This also sounds high, until you consider the checks we write to bail out banks, fund failing auto makers, and care for the human ailments – spanning from asthma to obesity – that result from urban sprawl.” Profile: Vishaan Chakrabarti
 

Commentary

Amory Lovins

 “Centralized energy sources encourage industrial clustering and urbanization. While soft technologies give everyone the costs and benefits of the energy system he chooses, centralized systems allocate benefits to surburbanites and social costs to politically weaker rural agrarians.” The Road Not Taken

In his 1976 Foreign Poilcy article on 'hard' and 'soft' energy paths (See UNPLUG: Off-the-Grid Enclaves), Lovins lauds flexible and resilient energy sources such as wind and solar that can reflect a 'diverse' and 'pluralistic' suburban fabric.   But “This is not to say that all energy systems need be at domestic scale. For example, the medium scale of urban neighborhoods and rural villages offers fine prospects for solar collectors—especially for adding collectors to existing buildings of which some (perhaps with large flat roofs) can take excess collector area while others cannot take any. They could be joined via communal heat storage systems, saving on labor cost and on heat losses. The costly craftwork of remodeling existing systems—"backfitting" idiosyncratic houses with individual collectors—could thereby be greatly reduced.” The Road Not Taken

 

 

 

 

 

References

Comments (1816)

Celebrity Sex Tape Watch the best Celebrity Sex Tape porn videos in HD Quality. All in one place!

website wrote 49 min 1 sec ago

I'm impressed, I must say. Very rarely do I come across a blog that's both informative and entertaining, and let me tell you, you've hit the nail on the head. Your blog is important; the issue is something that not enough people are talking intelligently about.
life insurance leads reviews
http://www.us-leads.com/life-leads/life-insurance-leads/

Anonymous wrote 1 day 9 hours ago

If you should be opting for finest contents like me, just visit this blog site daily because it provides the feature contents, thanks.

merchant account providers canada

flora wrote 1 day 18 hours ago

Is a designated program which has entire expertise on how to get vigor from the atmosphere.
Sky power generator Reviews

slam samir sko wrote 1 day 19 hours ago

I would like to thank you for the efforts you have made in writing this article. I am hoping the same best work from you in the future as well. Thanks... Drohne versichern

Bravo Raind wrote 1 day 20 hours ago

milf The most complete portal in the world at this Special adult time. The most beautiful and sexy porn stars.

website wrote 1 day 23 hours ago

I don't know what to say except that I have enjoyed reading. This is amazing!
Jerky Direct Review

nadine solomon wrote 2 days 2 hours ago

Your article has proved your hard work and experience you have got in this field.
seo backlinks service

Anonymous wrote 2 days 15 hours ago

The superb highly informative blog I’m about to share this with all my contacts.
essaychip.com

Alex John wrote 2 days 17 hours ago

This fully agreeable post did inspire my fellow writers. Please keep on posting more updates. B1 english test centre London

Giana wrote 2 days 20 hours ago

seoI really loved reading your blog. It was very well authored and easy to understand. Unlike other blogs I have read which are really not that good. visit this site hurry up waiting your order.Thanks alot! dofollow blog comments

Alber Etin wrote 2 days 22 hours ago

This time in a cost-amazing means, correct to your outdoor. You're going to keep enormous quantities of bucks every month.
smart solar box plans

slam samir sko wrote 3 days 6 hours ago

Hile most have been cheerful with its efficiency a few recounted that it took the capsules longer to be strong than they anticipated.
science natural supplements Turmeric with BioPerine Review

slam samir sko wrote 4 days 12 hours ago

Thank you very much for this informative post.I really enjoyed the article.I hope that other readers will also experience how I feel after reading your article.
The Jump Manual

GWEN24 wrote 5 days 16 hours ago

New web site is looking good. Thanks for the great effort. brooks

David John wrote 6 days 7 hours ago

It's a mitochondrial anti-getting older answer with the intention to support speed up restore and average midnight renewal of your body.
visit the website

slam samir sko wrote 1 week 12 hours ago

site I am recommend escort Dubai big directory with very nice girls profiles! You can find girlfriend for travel and enjoy with her! It's amazing!

LInk wrote 1 week 20 hours ago

I have understood everything in this article, and I need more on this to complete my study on the topic, thanks to provide such nice details.
https://essaycrest.com/
write an essay

Alex John wrote 1 week 22 hours ago

Bundles of thanks for providing such an awesome information, I have been a die heart fan of yours!!
https://essaycrest.com/
write my paper

Alex John wrote 1 week 22 hours ago

Los programas de pérdida de grasa funcionan a diferentes velocidades y producen resultados diferentes en ciertos intervalos de uso.
Vientre Plano Durante la Noche

Anonymous wrote 1 week 1 day ago

Your blog provided us with valuable to work with. Each & every tips of your post are awesome. Thanks a lot for sharing. Keep blogging..
hyperthyroidism

marie wrote 1 week 1 day ago

Extremely pleasant article, I delighted in perusing your post, exceptionally decent share, I need to twit this to my devotees. Much obliged!. werbemittel werbeträger

peter wrote 1 week 1 day ago

Your blog is such like that I have run out of words!!! Really superb
health plan open enrollment 2017

Alex John wrote 1 week 2 days ago

this is what this book makes use of to encourage and inspire folks to do greater things.
Tesla Code Secrets

Anonymous wrote 1 week 4 days ago

Your blog provided us with valuable to work with. Each & every tips of your post are awesome. Thanks a lot for sharing. Keep blogging..
vertical jump

yeasha montes wrote 1 week 4 days ago

I am ver pleased to discovered it your blog. i'll be definitly checking back soon to find out what additional posts you will share soon. electrician dekalb il

Eva wrote 1 week 4 days ago

Your work is very good and I appreciate you and hopping for some more informative posts. Thank you for sharing great information to us.
protein powder reviews

mateo luise wrote 2 weeks 15 hours ago

I also have genuinely effective essential crucial information over there, thanks for mentioning to about this dance fitness workout culver city

dbrawlbnks01 wrote 2 weeks 22 hours ago

Hey buddy! I am really in favor of your post; you have given an awesome idea in your post that can anybody follows easily.
http://www.brownbook.net/business/40757766/chris-walker
Chris Walker - SEO company Denver

Alex John wrote 2 weeks 23 hours ago

Obat Asam Urat Alami
Amazon Obat Tradisional Asam Urat Alami Terbukti
Asam urat yakni salah satu macam sakit yang banyak dijumpai dilingkungan masyarakat dan oleh orang yang berlebihan penyakit asam urat dalam tubuh mereka. Amazon Plus Obat Tradisional Asam Urat Alamiah cukup banyak diminati banyak penderita penyakit asam urat. Karena Jus Kulit Manggis Obat Tradisional Asam Urat Alami memiliki dampak yang bagus untuk kesehatan dan tidak menimbulkan efek samping. Biasanya kebanyakan pasien yang memakai pengobatan penyakit asam urat dengan obat barat. Namun, tidak jarang pengobatan modern banyak mempunyai efek samping negatif yang misalkan gangguan pada organ lambung. Maka dari itu, tak ada salahnya bila kita memakai Amazon Obat Tradisional Asam Urat Alamiah.

Obat Asam Urat Alami wrote 2 weeks 1 day ago

Obat Herbal Diabetes Paling Ampuh
Obat Herbal Penyakit Diabetes Menyehatkan
Banyak sekali cara agar bisa mencapai kesembuhan yakni salah satunya menggunakan cara terapi herbal. Dengan minum obat herbal pastinya aman untuk dikonsumsi dan tidak ada efek samping. Obat Diabetes Terbaik sekarang memberikan jalan keluar sangat baik untuk mengobati penyakit diabetes melitus. Jawaban yang diberikan yakni dengan Obat Herbal Kencing Manis atau lebih dikenal sebutan Amazon yang sudah nyata terpercaya manfaat didalam mengobati penyakit diabetes melitus.

Obat Herbal Diabetes Paling Ampuh wrote 2 weeks 1 day ago

Obat Miom Alami
Hamil dengan miom, perlu waspada. Pada trimester pertama ada peringatan keguguran karena miom kian membesar akan mendorong embrio sehingga tidak mampu menempel dengan baik di dinding rahim. Bilamana kehamilan berlanjut, maka miom dapat mendesak calon janin sampai plasenta tumbuh di bawah rahim serta pendarahan pada persalinan.
Solusi tepat untuk mengatasi penyakit miom, hanya dengan Obat Herbal Alami Amazon Penyakit Miom, yang secara alami bisa mengatasi penyakit miom tanpa efek samping sebab Obat Herbal Amazon Plus Penyakit Miom terbuat dari bahan yang seratus % alami tidak ada mengandung bahan-bahan kimia di dalamnya.

Obat Miom Alami wrote 2 weeks 1 day ago

Incredible posting this is from you. I am really and truly thrilled to read this marvelous post. You've really impressed me today. I hope you'll continue to do so!

Only in brazil wrote 2 weeks 3 days ago

The information are very open and intensely clear explanation in your article and it was truly impressive. I really like it and have bookmark your site to see more post from you! PhenQ

Ehriane wrote 2 weeks 5 days ago

Excellent ideas you have here, your kind of written article was great. rochester feng shui staging

Rachel wrote 2 weeks 5 days ago

Thanks for sharing this interesting blog with us.My pleasure to being here on your blog..I wanna come back here for new post from your site.
hyperthyroidism treatment

precilla wrote 2 weeks 5 days ago

I have been looking at a couple of your stories and i can state really well done. I will bookmark your online journal werbeartikel bedrucken lassen

peter wrote 2 weeks 5 days ago

Oxygen cure used to be as soon as inspiration to be a treatment-all treatment and is now furnished via some naturopaths. We’ll discover more about oxygen cure within the subsequent part.
nutrio2 reviews

Anonymous wrote 2 weeks 6 days ago

interesting article...(Cahyo)

Paket Umroh Desember 2016
Paket Umroh November 2016
Paket umroh plus Turki 2016
Biaya Paket Umroh 2016

umrah haji plus wrote 2 weeks 6 days ago

El programa es multimedia, lo que significa que los diferentes estilos de aprendizaje son atendidos Esta es una forma esencial de asegurar que usted se mantenga comprometido y haya entendido todo.
vientre de la noche ala manana

Anonymous wrote 3 weeks 7 hours ago

Your blog provided us with valuable to work with. Each & every tips of your post are awesome. Thanks a lot for sharing. Keep blogging..
how to improve vertical jump

BOSSH wrote 3 weeks 1 day ago

Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wished to say that I have really enjoyed
surfing around your blog posts. After all I will be subscribing to your
rss feed and I hope you write again very soon!

Visit my blog; máy làm mát không khí

Elliot wrote 3 weeks 2 days ago

I truly value the sort of subjects you post here. A debt of gratitude is in order for sharing us an extraordinary data that is really useful. Great day! Unterbau Mikrowelle

Anonymous wrote 3 weeks 3 days ago

Awesome post, and extraordinary site. A debt of gratitude is in order for the data! Unterbau Mikrowelle

Anonymous wrote 3 weeks 3 days ago

I cherish the way you compose and share your corner! Exceptionally intriguing and distinctive! Keep it coming! Seo services | Backlink service review

Anonymous wrote 3 weeks 4 days ago

Much obliged for offering pleasant data to us. i like your post and all you impart to us is uptodate and very instructive, i might want to bookmark the page so i can come here again to peruse you, as you have made a great showing. Seo | Backlink service

Anonymous wrote 3 weeks 4 days ago

También se piensa que es un beneficio de alcanzar su capacidad máxima total que significa básicamente trabajar.
Vientre de la noche a la manana

Anonymous wrote 3 weeks 4 days ago

18 Sex Videos 18VIDEOSXXX free sex videos updated hourly.

LInk wrote 3 weeks 6 days ago

Thank you for such a great article. I totally loved your article! I will definitely bookmarked and come back here again.. mens t-shirts

Jocelyn wrote 4 weeks 13 hours ago

Add A Comment

The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly.
  • Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically.
  • Allowed HTML tags: <a> <em> <strong> <cite> <code> <ul> <ol> <li> <dl> <dt> <dd> <img> <div> <pre> <address> <h1> <h2> <h3> <h4> <h5> <h6> <blockquote> <p>
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
  • Use <bib>citekey</bib> or [bib]citekey[/bib] to insert automatically numbered references.

More information about formatting options

By submitting this form, you accept the Mollom privacy policy.