Connect and expand multiple infrastructures beyond municipal boundaries. 

Advocates

Compare

Sustainable South Bronx

“It's positive that there is transparency and rapid action being taken. The negative thing is that it's around large gray infrastructure.... conventional, highly engineered, over-engineered, stuff that's often times incredibly expensive. Money is going toward those things because that's what's shovel-ready, that's what's consistent, and that's what's counted upon.”(Jaime Stein, Underdome Interview) 

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

ARRA: Total Spending on Transportation. data source: www.fhwa.dot.gov

A Vision for High Speed Rail in America. source: whitehouse.gov

Of the ARRA's total $819 billion budget, $48.1 billion are earmarked for transportation infrastructure.  In September 2010, the Obama Adminstration prompted Congress to adopt a new plan calling for an additional $50 billion to the federal transportation budget for roads, railways, and air infrastructure.  Such investments, the Obama Administration argues, are necessary to create jobs, stimulate the economy, and allow for the distribution of goods, services, and information necessary to keep the country competitive.   

"We can put Americans to work today building the infrastructure of tomorrow. From the first railroads to the interstate highway system, our nation has always been built to compete. There's no reason Europe or China should have the fastest trains, or the new factories that manufacture clean energy products.... Tomorrow, I'll visit Tampa, Florida, where workers will soon break ground on a new high-speed railroad funded by the Recovery Act. There are projects like that all across this country that will create jobs and help our nation move goods, services, and information. ." President Barack Obama, State of the Union, Jan 2010

Among the questions facing the ARRA is one of scale. "The biggest question mark hovering over the future of high-speed rail in the United States is funding. The $8 billion allocated in the stimulus package [designated for high speed rail] is not nearly enough, particularly because it is spread across a range of projects around the country. California’s new system alone could cost $40 billion. State governments will shoulder a substantial share of the costs, and they are grappling with budget deficits." The New York Times

The ARRA is met with criticisms that it is doing both too much, and too little.  The Obama Administration's labor day proposals for a new transportation bill are unlikely to see any progress before the 2010 election.  But to others, stimulus actions are just laying the foundation for overhauls to planning and infrastructure necessary for job creation and strong energy policy. “A green stimulus is no replacement for comprehensive climate and energy policy.  Even the most aggressive short-term spending will have only a modest impact on US greenhouse gas emissions and dependence on foreign sources of energy... Although green recovery efforts alone will not achieve broader climate and energy objectives, they can reduce the cost of comprehensive climate and energy policy.  The most successful programs will be those that can be implemented quickly and can complement, rather than seek to replace, future energy and climate-specific legislation.” Green Global Recovery?

The ARRA's reach has been greatly influenced by the need for quick response, and its dependency on shovel-ready projects. Government projects must go through a process of public review under the 1969 National Environmental Policy Act.  A critic of this process, Vishaan Chakrabarti argues: "The rubber really hits the road on this when you talk to people in Washington about why there wasn't more infrastructure placed into the stimulus bill. And the answer is really simple: they tried. Actually, the White House did take a run at NEPA early on and was completely beat back by the environmental lobby in Congress who said, “You cannot. It is a sacred cow. You can't touch it.” And as soon as that happened, the White House then realized infrastructure is basically off the table, except for some roadway projects, because there’s no way you can argue it's stimulative. How's it going to be stimulative if it takes years to do?" Underdome Interview with Vishaan Chakrabarti

The emphasis on highway projects raises questions about the urban, rural, and suburban impact of the bill.  With $27.5 billion going to highway and bridge construction projects, the "most sweeping investment in our infrastructure since President Eisenhower built the Interstate Highway System in the 1950s" President Barack Obama on High Speed Rail is building on Eisenhower's extensive suburban and rural highway network.  And yet, while investments in urban infrastructure are significantly smaller, with $8.4 billion alloted for public transportation (for maintenance, new construction, and new equipment), these investments go hand in hand with housing assistance programs, community development grants, and the newly created Office of Urban Affairs led by former Bronx Borough President in New York and urban planner Adolfo Carrion.  

The Stimulus Bill also invested $9.3 in Amtrak and regional rail programs, shifting the relationship between urban and suburban territories by connecting urban regions spanning across city and state boundaries: "The high-speed rail corridors we've identified so far would connect areas like the cities of the Pacific Northwest; southern and central Florida; the Gulf Coast to the Southeast to our nation's capital; the breadth of Pennsylvania and New York to the cities of New England; and something close to my heart, a central hub network that draws the cities of our industrial heartland closer to Chicago and one another. Or California, where voters have already chosen to move forward with their own high-speed rail system, a system of new stations and 220 mile-per-hour trains that links big cities to inland towns; that alleviates crippling congestion on highways and at airports; and that makes travel from San Francisco to Los Angeles possible in two and a half hours." President Barack Obama on High Speed Rail

Sustainable South Bronx

Power infrastructures are changing.  Centralized power cycling capabilities are on the horizon, Con Ed is now in the business of transmission and distribution rather than production, and profits are being decoupled from power production.  Jaime Stein, Environmental Policy Analyst at SSBx explains these potentials:

“One of the, I think, the most exciting things is to organize energy users to use well-designed appliances. Imagine if twenty blocks in Brooklyn all had these air conditioners that could cycle on and off.  So whether or not people are in the house it can be comfortable if you run it for five minutes, take off for five minutes, run for five minutes, and shut off for five minutes. It would be controlled by the utilities, which is a little strange when they can cycle on and off all your appliances. They’re only allowed to do it with that intermittent cycling.  But your refrigerator, which is a huge consumer of energy, is on for five minutes and off for five minutes. On those really, really hot days when peak demand is out of control and they're burning the dirtiest power plants, it would be amazing if you could organize that data and control it in that way. You wouldn't have to run some of the dirtiest plants.  I like that concept.  
 
“Con Edison is ripe to do it in some ways, but is also not willing to do it in other ways. Right now all they have is basically transmission and distribution---they don’t do any generation---so, they want to keep that under lock and key.  And a lot of people, especially with all this energy efficiency and weatherization stuff going on, want baseline data. Organized groups want baseline data. They want to know, “if we do a block-by-block retrofit, what did the block start out at and what are we  now?”  They want simple before-and-after retrofit data, which Con Edison has. But now they're sitting on it, because so many people are asking them for the data that they're not sure how they want to charge for it and make it a business in the future, or what they can give away and what they can't give away. So it's a really interesting thing right now.
 
“But probably the most fascinating policy to come out in the past five years is that we have begun to decouple the dollar from the electron. What I mean is that now power producers and utility companies are getting money for energy efficiency. So it's no longer “the more electrons you sell, the more money you make.” That has gone away.  So what you find is that groups like Con Edison, NYSERDA, and the independent power producers are all fighting to get their energy efficiency programs approved and funded, but they're not really doing much. We haven't quite gotten to the point yet where we're actually saving electrons. We’re talking about saving electrons and getting funding for it. I think we’re moving toward actually saving electrons.” Jaime Stein, Underdome Interview
 

Vishaan Chakrabarti

Barack Obama & Joe Biden announce strategic plan for high speed rail. source: wikimedia

Regional high speed rail infrastructures, Chakrabarti argues, are critical to reducing dependency on gas guzzling automotive and airline travel. “You can go from New York to Chicago basically in three hours on [the proposed Chinese high speed passenger trains]...  That would, in turn, decimate regional air travel in this country. New York processes a third of the air traffic that goes through the nation. So that means if someone is flying from Albuquerque to Paris on their honeymoon, they're not sitting on a 777 at Kennedy behind a plane going to Philadelphia.” Underdome Interview

The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, Chakrabarti asserts, fails to adequately promote infrastructures needed to promote viable urban density and in effect promotes more of the status quo: sprawling, car-dependent suburbs.  “It is still confounding that the best we can get is $8 billion towards high-speed rail when we need at least $150 billion for all of the major corridors including California, Chicago-St. Paul, Char-Lanta, the Northeast, and yes, Florida. It is confounding when the Vice President states that the $1.25 billion investment in the Tampa-Orlando corridor will generate more than 23,000 jobs over four years, and that by extension one hundred times that investment nationwide might create 2,300,000 jobs. Now that would be stimulus.” Double Down on Density
 
At the Federal level, one has to wonder if there is an Asphalt Lobby, because if there is, they must be partying like it’s 2008. The stimulus bill passed earlier in the year feeds rather than fixes our ill-conceived land use patterns, resulting in new “infrastructure” that runs the risk of being little more than a grab bag of roadway construction. The bill’s criteria mandate that projects, in order to qualify for federal funding, must be “shovel ready,” must be compliant with the existing regulatory regime including NEPA, and must be complete in two years after commencement. The much touted $8 billion of stimulus funds for high speed rail is negligible in terms of what is needed. Common estimates for high speed rail in the northeast corridor run $25-$30 billion. This sounds high until one considers that one third of the nation’s air traffic goes through New York, sitting on tarmacs behind turboprops unconscionably flying from Newark to Philadelphia. Nationwide, the needs are probably around $150 billion. This also sounds high, until you consider the checks we write to bail out banks, fund failing auto makers, and care for the human ailments – spanning from asthma to obesity – that result from urban sprawl.” Profile: Vishaan Chakrabarti
 

Commentary

Amory Lovins

 “Centralized energy sources encourage industrial clustering and urbanization. While soft technologies give everyone the costs and benefits of the energy system he chooses, centralized systems allocate benefits to surburbanites and social costs to politically weaker rural agrarians.” The Road Not Taken

In his 1976 Foreign Poilcy article on 'hard' and 'soft' energy paths (See UNPLUG: Off-the-Grid Enclaves), Lovins lauds flexible and resilient energy sources such as wind and solar that can reflect a 'diverse' and 'pluralistic' suburban fabric.   But “This is not to say that all energy systems need be at domestic scale. For example, the medium scale of urban neighborhoods and rural villages offers fine prospects for solar collectors—especially for adding collectors to existing buildings of which some (perhaps with large flat roofs) can take excess collector area while others cannot take any. They could be joined via communal heat storage systems, saving on labor cost and on heat losses. The costly craftwork of remodeling existing systems—"backfitting" idiosyncratic houses with individual collectors—could thereby be greatly reduced.” The Road Not Taken

 

 

 

 

 

References

Comments (232)

I was very pleased to find this site.I wanted to thank you for this great read!! I definitely enjoying every little bit of it and I have you bookmarked to check out new stuff you post. http://www.nolimitly.com/

John654 wrote 4 days 12 hours ago

This is a good post. This post gives truly quality information. diyabet, şeker hastalığı

davidjohn wrote 5 days 16 hours ago

I really enjoy simply reading all of your weblogs.
TAS BRANDED TERBARU
CLICK HERE
TOKO TAS WANITA
TAS WANITA BRANDED
TAS WANITA TERBARU

tokotaswanitabranded wrote 6 days 3 hours ago

thank you so much for writing the article, this can add insight and knowledge to me.
http://tokotaswanitabranded.com
tas wanita branded
TAS WANITA TERBARU
TAS BRANDED TERBARU

tokotaswanitabranded wrote 6 days 3 hours ago

The article has been written with the best skills. It was a pleasure to read this. digital marketing solutions

Anonymous wrote 6 days 16 hours ago

Nice blog! The content is impress me. Thanks for sharing.

verhuisbedrijf hilversum wrote 1 week 2 days ago

I simply want to tell you that I am new to weblog and definitely liked this blog site. Very likely I’m going to bookmark your blog . You absolutely have wonderful stories. Cheers for sharing with us your blog.
buy facebook likes cheap

stuart wrote 1 week 2 days ago

You actually make it look so easy with your performance but I find this matter to be actually something which I think I would never comprehend. replika

Anonymous wrote 1 week 5 days ago

Such an amazing, well written and informative article, full of information, tips and more, well done. Thank you for a very good read. bolatangkas

Anonymous wrote 1 week 5 days ago

Really great post, Thank you for sharing This knowledge.Excellently written article. website link

Anonymous wrote 1 week 5 days ago

We are really grateful for your blog post. I am always searching online for articles that can help me. We are really grateful for your blog post. check over here

Anonymous wrote 1 week 5 days ago

thank you for the information, and healthy greeting. fitness equipment

Anonymous wrote 1 week 5 days ago

I think this is an informative post and it is very useful and knowledgeable. therefore, I would like to thank you for the efforts you have made in writing this article. Folsom Airport Shuttle Service

Anonymous wrote 1 week 5 days ago

I really enjoy simply reading all of your weblogs. Simply wanted to inform you that you have people like me who appreciate your work. short lace mother of the bride dresses

Anonymous wrote 1 week 5 days ago

I called a great post, very very cool and awesome. Really I love the Ingredients till its making. China Wholesaler

Anonymous wrote 1 week 5 days ago

When I first visit this site and try to look what this site talks about I was really amazed with. flower wall graphics

Anonymous wrote 1 week 5 days ago

gratitude for his articel can menembah my insight on the internet,
and for anyone who is a fan of watches sila visit the following web
http://jualjamtangankwsupermurah.com/
jam tangan original

jualjamtangankwsupermurah wrote 1 week 6 days ago

Thanks so much for writing all of the excellent information!
http://jam-tanganonline.org
http://jamtangan-wanita.org
http://grosirjamtanganonline.com

farih wrote 2 weeks 1 day ago

I really love to read this post and I am glad to find your distinguished way of writing the post. Thanks and Regards
http://jualjamtangan.com
https://http://www.jamtanganwanita.kaffah.biz/

sucie wrote 2 weeks 1 day ago

I will definitely bookmark your website. I am happy to found such useful and interesting post which is written in well maner.I really increased my knowledge after read your post which will be beneficial for me carders forum

Anonymous wrote 2 weeks 2 days ago

carders forum Required me time for you to read all of the comments, however i really loved the content. It demonstrated to be really useful in my experience and i'm certain to all of the commenters here ! It's usually nice when you are able not just learn, but additionally entertained

Anonymous wrote 2 weeks 2 days ago

Getting into that exact positioning again can be extremely
elusive and frustrating. For more information about please visit this keyword waralaba makanan.
Although the use of remote control helicopters is without
a doubt, a lot, it is not without flaws.

kuchhotahu wrote 2 weeks 5 days ago

You're so cool! I don't think I've read anything like this before. So good to find oral surgeon sunrise somebody with some original thoughts on this subject. Thanks for starting this up.

Anonymous wrote 3 weeks 13 hours ago

Very informative post thanks for share this with us i highly appreciate you for this information thanks once again for sharing information like this Very informative post Thanks for sharing with you
http://douchevloerkopen.nl

douchevloer wrote 3 weeks 3 days ago

Veryy good write-up. I certainly love this website. Conjtinue the good work!

Look at my blog ... grosir baju anak cikarang

Mellisa wrote 3 weeks 5 days ago

Pretty good post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say that I have really enjoyed reading your blog posts. Any way I’ll be subscribing to your feed and I hope you post again soon. Click here

Tatiana35 wrote 3 weeks 5 days ago

Helping customers make what matters also means that tripel-c is both a software company and an engineering services company. A service company and a financing company. A turnkey engineering company and an integration services company. An automation systems company and a machine tool supply company. A training company and a process technology company.

triple-c facebook page

moldje triple-c wrote 4 weeks 7 hours ago

Your articles help us realize that our problems are typical, and we can solve them in constructive ways.Thank you and keep these good articles coming ! http://text-the-romance-back-michael-fiore.blogspot.com/2014/11/text-the-romance-back.html

Michael wrote 4 weeks 13 hours ago

This is cool post and i enjoy to read this post. your blog is fantastic and you have good staff in your blog. nice sharing keep it up windows vps

Anonymous wrote 4 weeks 1 day ago

We actually prefer genuine customer feedback and recommendations. To us, we prefer this over any other types of publicity.Alkarno Sport Predict Alchemist

asadalikhatri wrote 4 weeks 3 days ago

Scratching can introduce infectious agents into the skin, leading to secondary complications including bacterial infection and permanent scars. https://archive.org/details/EczemaFreeForever_2014

Rachel8129 wrote 4 weeks 6 days ago

It is just what I was looking for and quite thorough as well. Thanks for posting this, I saw a couple other similar posts teeth whitening loxahatchee but yours was the best so far. The ideas are strongly pointed out and clearly emphasized.

jackdon wrote 5 weeks 6 days ago

I gotta tell you That I am really pleased and impressed with the article.oral surgeon sunrise I was just hoping for this kind of article and thank God I finally got something like it

jackdon wrote 5 weeks 6 days ago

"Then, it's a question of how is this building going to be maintained? And how are we going to help this community to provide the services that it wants to in that building? What can we do to make this building smarter, saying “You know what? You actually have about 100 square meters here in front. Why don’t we landscape that and turn it into a marketplace? And then you’ll have a little income that you can use to maintain this facility.” Or wiring the building in a way that allows people to access the Internet -- not only access the Internet, but have a secure area where the community can come in to access the Internet. Once you start adding those features and you think really carefully about the building and the holistic needs of the community, then it gets really exciting. Pkrstar88.com Agen Texas dan Domino Online Indonesia Terpercaya | Pulaujudi.com Master Agen Judi Bola Online Terbaik dan Terpercaya di Indonesia | BOLAWIN88.COM BANDAR TARUHAN AGEN JUDI BOLA CASINO DOMINO BOLA TANGKAS DAN TOGEL ONLINE TERPERCAYA INDONESIA | JagadPokr.com Agen Texas Pokr dan Domino Online Indonesia Terpercaya | Olb365.com Agen Judi Bola Online, Agen Judi Casino Online Indonesia Terpercaya 855online.com AGEN BOLA SBOBET IBCBET CASINO 338A TANGKAS TOGEL ONLINE INDONESIA TERPERCAYA | Agen Ibcbet | SBOBET | Agen Bola dan Taruhan Bola | Agen Bola | Taruhan Bola | Judi Bola Terpercaya | Rajamerah.com situs judi online terbaik terpercaya dan juga jangan lupa membaca ulasan lainnya

Anonymous wrote 7 weeks 1 day ago

I don’t know what has happened to the custom of delivering consistent good articles. I hope that the custom comes alive after this.. thumbs up for your work. apmex complaints

Anonymous wrote 7 weeks 6 days ago

He then installed a reader in his car so that he can unlock the doors with a simple wave of his hand. He is working on other applications as I write this. New York off page search engine optimization

Anonymous wrote 7 weeks 6 days ago

Thanks for a very interesting blog. What else may I get that kind of info written in such a perfect approach? I’ve a undertaking that I am simply now operating on, and I have been at the look out for such info. Industrial Supply

Anonymous wrote 7 weeks 6 days ago

He then installed a reader in his car so that he can unlock the doors with a simple wave of his hand. He is working on other applications as I write this. noise cancelling headphones

Anonymous wrote 7 weeks 6 days ago

You actually make it look so easy with your performance but I find this matter to be actually something which I think I would never comprehend. beauty product reviews

Anonymous wrote 7 weeks 6 days ago

I arm that automatically turned on the lights and started his computer when he walked into the office. waffle maker reviews

Anonymous wrote 7 weeks 6 days ago

He then installed a reader in his car so that he can unlock the doors with a simple wave of his hand. He is working on other applications as I write this. rowing machine reviews

Anonymous wrote 7 weeks 6 days ago

Amazing and interesting concept of your website. Fantastic article and great post. Each and every title is very interesting. Thanks for sharing the information. portable generator reviews

Anonymous wrote 7 weeks 6 days ago

Such a very useful article. Very interesting to read this article.I would like to thank you for the efforts you had made for writing this awesome article. Loodgieter Brasschaat

Anonymous wrote 7 weeks 6 days ago

I just got to this amazing site not long ago. I was actually captured with the piece of resources you have got here. Big thumbs up for making such wonderful blog page! buy groceries online

Anonymous wrote 7 weeks 6 days ago

Well, this got me thinking what other workouts are good for those of us who find ourselves on the road or have limited equipment options. leaky gut syndrome

Anonymous wrote 7 weeks 6 days ago

I am already experiencing changes in my lower body. My inner thighs are firmer and smaller, my bottom is lifting and so are my legs…..literally lifting, it is an amazing feeling. obstacle course equipment

Anonymous wrote 7 weeks 6 days ago

I really enjoy simply reading all of your weblogs.

Anonymous wrote 7 weeks 6 days ago

Lots of thanks for this post.I think it is a very good post. It helps us many away. So many many thanks for this article. flower corner wall decal

Anonymous wrote 7 weeks 6 days ago

Great tips and very easy to understand. This will definitely be very useful for me when I get a chance to start my blog. https://archive.org/details/HeartburnNoMoreJeffMartin

Bijor45 wrote 8 weeks 3 days ago

Add A Comment

The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly.
  • Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically.
  • Allowed HTML tags: <a> <em> <strong> <cite> <code> <ul> <ol> <li> <dl> <dt> <dd> <img> <div> <pre> <address> <h1> <h2> <h3> <h4> <h5> <h6> <blockquote> <p>
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
  • Use <bib>citekey</bib> or [bib]citekey[/bib] to insert automatically numbered references.

More information about formatting options

By submitting this form, you accept the Mollom privacy policy.